The Goldendoodle is a hybrid dog resulting from breeding a Poodle with a Golden Retriever. It is a designer dog, hence it’s not registered by any Kennel Club.
Established breed associations such as the AKC, the UKC, and the CKC, do not recognize this hybrid, nor any other designer cross, as a breed. A ‘designer’ dog is a crossbreed and may prove to be less predictable than a purebred dog.
The Goldendoodle gets its name from its parent breeds—the Golden Retriever and the Poodle.
|Goldendoodle Summary Table|
|Size||Mini Doodle – 13 – 20″ Inches in height
Standard Doodle 17 – 20″ Inches in height
Large Doodle 20 – 24″ Inches in height
|Weight||Mini Doodle – 15 – 30 pounds
Standard Doodle – 40 – 50 pounds
Large Doodle – 50 – 90 pounds
|Lifespan||10 – 14 years|
|Breed Type||Mixes and more|
|Purpose||Companions and service dogs|
|Suitable For||Families with large homes|
|Color Variations||cream, apricot, red, chocolate, black|
|Temperament||Intelligent, Energetic, Friendly, Trainable|
|Other Names||Golden Shepherd|
History of the Goldendoodle
The Golden doodle breed emerged in the late 1990s. The idea of breeding the Goldendoodle was inspired by the creation of the Labradoodle and its success as a hypoallergenic dog that is compatible with dog lovers who experience allergies.
Due to its inherited temperament of the Golden Retriever and its low shedding tendencies, the Goldendoodle became a universal hit.
As the breed continued to develop, there was a high demand for different sizes of the mixed breed that would suit different lifestyles, dog lovers immediate admiration of the standard Goldendoodle (a standard Poodle crossed with a Golden Retriever) led to breeders deciding to look and create different size variations of the poodle.
There are now four categories for the different sizes – petite, mini, medium, and standard. They also have different colors and coat patterns.
Goldendoodle Colors, Coats, and Appearance
Goldendoodle comes in various colors. These colors are controlled by the same gene, with the shade of color determined by the intensity of the inherited gene.
The Poodle ancestry includes shades of cream, apricot, and red; Poodles alone lend the black, chocolate (dark brown), silver and gray coloring (and the color patterns) to the Goldendoodle coat.
Golden Retriever parent brings shades of cream, apricot, and red to the breed.
There is even more variety of colors and patterns with the Goldendoodle, including parts, merle, phantom, and brindle. A particolored Goldendoodle is at least 50% white, with solid patches of any other color.
Goldendoodles that have a sold color with white markings that cover less than 50% of the body are known by several names: abstract, mismarks, or chrome.
Merle is a varied coat pattern that is quite beautiful but the merle gene may cause deafness and blindness if the two parent breeds are carrying the merle gene. Brindles have a specific pattern of markings that appear as stripes, the color and vary with each dog.
There are also Phantom’s that have markings above each eye, on the sides of the muzzle, chest, inside the legs, and under the tail.
These are “Parti” Goldendoodles – a dog is considered to be parti if it has at least 50% white coloring in their coat:
The Goldendoodles shown below have Abstract coats (also known as “Chrome” markings or mismarks):
Merle Goldendoodles have a varied coat pattern caused by a gene that randomly suppresses just some of the solid color:
Phantom Goldendoodles have a specific pattern of markings like the ones below, and they can come in a variety of colors:
Coat Texture and Appearance of the Goldendoodle
With careful breeding, breeders can now produce litters with predictable coat types and shedding propensities.
The physical appearance of the Goldendoodle makes our heart melt, but the primary concerns for any dog breeder should be health temperament and conformation.
Low shedding and hypoallergenic qualities of the Goldendoodles coat make for a very attractive dog for dog lovers.
Whether a dog has a long (L) or short (S) coat is determined by the parent breeds coat.
Although long coats are heritable. Both Goldendoodle parent breeds are long-coated. Goldendoodles carry two genes for a long coat (L/L). Since the short coat is dominant, if a dog carries a gene for the short gene (S/L) their coat would be short.
This is why some Labradoodles have short coats in the early generations, whereas Goldendoodles do not.
Goldendoodles can have different amounts of curls they can either have curly, wavy, or straight coats.
These genes are inherited from their parent breeds. Two wavy Goldendoodles bred together can produce all three coat types – curly, wavy, and straight.
If a breeder tests the parent dogs for the curl gene, they can better predict the appearance of their puppies.
Goldendoodles vary in size. They tend to come in three different sizes:
Miniature, Small Standard, and Large Standard.
The Miniature Goldendoodle (Mini Doodle) is the result of a Miniature or Toy Poodle crossed with a Golden Retriever. They come in different sizes from 13 to 20 inches in height and 15 to 35 pounds in weight.
The average height at the shoulder for a Small Standard Goldendoodle is 17 to 20 inches; the weight is 40 to 50 pounds.
The Large Standard Goldendoodle averages 20 to 24 inches in height at the shoulder and weighs 50 to 90 pounds.
Goldendoodles are loved for their positive personality, intelligence and accepting nature.
They endear themselves to everyone they meet. Goldendoodles are highly affectionate, gentle and patient and make a wonderful family companion, they tend to thrive withing an active family setting since they actively enjoy human company.
They are loyal companions and, with proper training, can be highly obedient. They also tend to have a playful nature hence making them mischevious at times.
A dog’s temperament is affected by a number of factors, including training, heredity, and socialization.
Puppies that have nice calm temperaments are playful and curious, they are willing to be held by people and are also not afraid to approach them. When breeding choose sociable parent breeds not aggressive and isolated.
Ensure that the parent breed has nice temperaments that you are comfortable with. You can ensure this by meeting at least one of the parent breeds mostly the mother is the one who’s usually available.
You may decide to also meet the relatives or the siblings of the parents to help you better evaluate what the puppy may be like when he grows up.
Like every other dog, the Goldendoodle needs early socialization, by exposing him to many different environments and experiences when they’re young this kind of socialization will help ensure that your Goldendoodle puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.
Goldendoodle Shedding and Furnishings
What are Furnishings and Improper coat?
Furnishings are the longer facial hair, including eyebrows, mustache, and beard, found on most Goldendoodles.
Dogs with furnishings shed less than dogs without furnishings. The term used to describe the lack of furnishings is “incorrect coat”. Most people prefer Goldendoodles that have furnishings, aka a “Doodle” coat, there are dog lovers who look for Goldendoodles that look more like Golden Retrievers, but have the genetic diversity and sometimes lower shedding than a Golden Retriever.
Goldendoodles with incorrect coats are not suited for families with allergies.
By testing the parent dogs of Multigen Goldendoodles, you will have a better chance of not breeding parents that may end up producing puppies with incorrect coats (without furnishings) unintentionally.
Testing the parent dog DNA can help determine if a breed pair will produce puppies that have all the furnishings.
Below are Goldendoodles that exhibit furnishings:
Below is a Goldendoodle that lacks “furnishings” and will shed more than a Goldendoodle with furnishings.
The Shedding Genes
By choosing two dogs to breed together who have lower shedding genes (when health and temperament are comparable), a breeder can be able to produce puppies with lower shedding over time.
Is a Goldendoodle Hypoallergenic?
Goldendoodles are considered to be light shedders hence making them hypoallergenic. Poodles have been popular for being hypoallergenic, meaning that they can supposedly be tolerated by people who have allergies to dogs.
Because Golden Poodles have the Poodle in their heritage, Goldendoodles are sometimes promoted as being hypoallergenic. This is good news for dog lovers that adore this designer breed but suffer from allergies.
There are no dogs that are 100% hypoallergenic, there are certain dog breeds that have little or non-shedding coats, which means that less hair and dander are released in the air.
Dogs with a shedding index of zero do not guarantee that you will not be allergic, allergies are complex and shedding is just one of the components that factor in the equation.
One should also consider that dander, allergens, proteins, and saliva carried on dog coats can contribute to each individual’s allergic reaction.
Dogs produce a protein called “fel D 1”. This is present in dogs’ saliva, skin, and urine, most people don’t realize that pet allergy is caused by coming into contact with this protein. It is not simply a case of being around pet hair.
Goldendoodle puppies are absolutely adorable, they look less “Poodley” and more “Doodley”. They are a wonderful ball of fluff.
Goldendoodles need attentive care and should be placed in a secure area when unattended. It is paramount to have the puppies socialize at an early age this will allow them to learn to play nicely with other pets and grasp the basic training that they may need.
Goldendoodles can be destructive in nature if left unattended, they may chew up shoes and furniture around the house and leave an excessive amount of excrement everywhere.
Crate training is very helpful as it may reduce the amount of excrement you find around the house.
Goldendoodles are intelligent and are always eager to please.
Pups as early as 8weeks of age are capable of learning simple commands that may help provide the foundation for all of the training they will need throughout their lives.
Beginning obedience training at an early age may prove to be beneficial.
These little ones are connected to their humans hence their sensitivity to their owner’s emotions.
Because of their connection to their owner’s emotions, Goldendoodles should be coached in a positive and encouraging atmosphere, they often do not do well in settings where they are being shouted at or criticized.
Goldendoodle Potty Training
Goldendoodles can be potty trained; here is what you need to do:
Put up a gate in an area with the potty door in it. Every time you take your puppy out make sure to use the same door each time. Hang bells on the door to the potty and ring them, with their foot. Say “Go Out: – Let’s “GO OUT” once the puppy is outside on the the grass, say “Go POTTY” – “Let’s Go Potty” since Goldendoodles are intelligent and eager to please they should eventualy adapt.
After they go potty, positively praise them and tell them how great it was form them to go potty outside. You have to have patient and be consistent when house training your puppy. Until you teach them puppies don’t know what you expect from them.
Always use positive reinforcement as Goldendoodles respond better to positivity and your tone of voice will help them understand quickly.
Goldendoodles shoulf be watched constantlu, if for whatever reason you can’t watch your puppy, crate your puppy periodically during the day and for naps, this will allow your puppy to learn to hold going potty for longer and get them used to being calm. It is good practice to potty your puppy before and after crating. If your puppy is age 8 weeks old to 2 month, he can hold up for about 2 hours in the crate. If he is 3months, 3hours.
Goldendoodles like other large dog breeds are susceptible to getting the following diseases when proper screening and breeding practices are absent.
Crossbreeding may often introduce hybrid vigor, hence improving the health of the offspring, Goldendoodles may be at risk of developing some of the health problems as seen in their parent breeds.
Atopic Dermatitis –
This is an allergic skin disease and is common amongst many different breeds, including the Goldendoodle. The cause of the allergies is usually from contact either inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
- This causes a hypersensitivity reaction that is seen present in the skin. Some of the signs for Atopic Dermatitis to look out for in your dog would be, itching, redness, and malodor of the paws, ears, and perineum, confirming the diagnosis will require further careful examination.
Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture
– The cruciate ligament is in many ways responsible for stabilizing the knee joint. The cruciate ligament takes a great deal of strain during exercise. Hindlimb lameness in Goldendoodle may be caused by degeneration and rapture of the cranial portion of the ligament.
– This occurs at about six months to five years of age, it occurs as either a grand mal convulsive seizure or petit mal episode that involves the muscular tics or behavioral abnormalities.
The severity and frequency of the epileptic attack will determine whether treatment is required or not. Many epileptics do not require treatment.
– This is usually noticed in young dogs. It causes hindlimb lameness, the dogs hip joints fail to develop normally.
This is an inherited condition, parent breeds should be radiographically scored to avoid producing breeds that will inherit the said disease from parent breeds that show signs of dysplastic changes.
During exercise, slight anatomic abnormalities in Goldendoodles may cause their kneecap to slip out of position. This happens when the dog is temporarily unable to bear the weight of one hindlimb, it is generally referred to as intermittent lameness
Progressive Retinal Atrophy
– The degeneration of the retinal nerve cells may cause night blindness, loss of vision in middle-aged Goldendoodles. This is a common issue in many hybrids and pedigrees.
Von Willebrand’s Disease
– This is a clotting disorder that is caused by poor platelet functions which result in heavy bleeding, this may be seen during minor injuries as well.
Ear Infections –
Because of their floppy ears, which trap moisture. Check and clean the ears regularly. as it can cause problems for Goldendoodles.
– Goldendoodles love human interaction, hence they often suffer from separation anxiety. They don’t like being left alone if you are fone for long periods of time, a Goldendoodle isn’t really for you, alternatively, get a sitter.
When Goldendoodles experience separation anxiety they may chew up the couch, scratch up the door, and anger your neighbors due to constant barking.
Caring for your Goldendoodle
Goldendoodles are perfect for either first-time trainers or experienced trainers due to their easy to train and intelligent nature. They should be trained using positive reinforcement and rewards, shouting or rebuking them harshly may damage their confidence.
Goldendoodles are gentle dogs so it is paramount to discourage any timidity or shyness even though they need to socialize. Since the Goldendoodle may grow to become quite big, he requires a bit of extra room to move about.
Apartments are not a recommended setting for Goldendoodles, preferably they should be in a home that has some type of fenced yard. Owners should also primarily expect him in the house as he is not an ideal pet for outdoors or kennel living as he thrives living amongst people.
It is also crucial to note that Goldendoodles may suffer from separation anxiety which can lead to destructive behavior hence the need to attentive care at all times.
It is important to make sure that your dog has a healthy balanced diet.
Nutrition is a crucial part of your dog’s wellbeing, the quality of your dog’s life may be impacted by failing to provide a diet that is of high-quality grade ingredients and in the right ratios.
Goldendoodles do well on premium dry food for dogs, Premium dry dog food, as they meet all of the dog’s nutritional needs if chosen correctly. You will have to get kibble that is rich in meat-based protein and contains healthy fats and an acceptable percentage of carbs.
Cheaper brands that have artificial ingredients and full of filler are not a good choice for your dog. Always make sure and be attentive that the kibble you get is suitable for your pet’s size, activity levels, and age (puppy, adult, or senior).
Not all Goldendoodles will thrive on the same kibble formula as they come in different sizes.
You should make sure that your Goldendoodle is eating the right amount portion of food. Each kibble has a feeding guide, it is best to stick to the guidelines for each specific kibble that you pour into your pet’s bowl.
Serving sizes vary depending on the size, build, age, and activity level of your Goldendoodle. Small Goldendoodles might not need more than a cup and a half of food as compared to the standard Goldendoodle that may need double that amount. Contact a vet to get an opinion if you are unsure about what would be the healthiest dose of kibble for your dog.
A highly active dog will need more food than a lazy couch dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also makes a difference, the better the dog food, the better nourishment your dog will have.
It is good practice to feed your dog twice a day rather than leaving food out all day, this will also help keep your dog in good shape.
One way to check if your pet is overweight is to give him a hands-on test and the eye test. When looking down at your dog you should be able to see a waist. Place your hands on his back, and your thumbs along his spine, spread your fingers downwards.
Without having to press hard you should be able to feel but not see his ribs. If you find that you can’t feel his ribs that means that he needs more exercise and less food.
Instead of one large meal a day it’s best practice to feed your Goldendoodle several small meals per day.
Goldendoodles may end up inheriting the Golden Retrievers traits of gastric torsion, or bloating hence making it crucial to make sure he is eating the right portions of every balanced diet meal.
A Goldendoodle is a hybrid cross. They often inherit fur that looks like the Golden Retriever or like the Poodle but will usually be somewhere in between.
If left uncut Goldendoodles hair will grow to about 4 – 7 inches long. Their hair is usually shorter on the face and longer on the body, legs, and tail. They require regular brushing at least twice weekly.
Although they are considered to be hypoallergenic dogs (they shed very little to no shedding), they would still require a certain amount of grooming.
This keeps their coat in the best possible conditions. Most owners usually opt to clip the coat for easier maintenance. But if your dog is in its natural state, you may need to brush it about once or twice every week.
Goldendoodles need to be washed when it’s absolutely necessary.
This is because their coat and skin may lose the necessary oils and moisture if overdone. They may be bathed once every six to eight weeks depending on their lifestyle and environment.
Their nails should be checked and clipped when needed.
Brushing of the teeth at least twice or thrice a week to remove bacteria and tartar buildup that lurk inside them. Daily brushing is also a great habit to have with your dog from an early age as well as it helps prevent gum disease and bad breath.
To prevent painful tears and other problems clip your dog’s nails at least once or twice a month if he doesn’t wear them down naturally.
You know your dog’s nails are too long if you can hear them clicking on the floor. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them. If you cut too far you can cause bleeding so if you are not very experienced in trimming dog nails. Ask a groomer or a vet for advice.
Your dog’s ears should be checked on a weekly basis for redness or a bad odor. This may indicate an infection.
During ear checkup, make sure to wipe down your dog’s ears with a cotton ball that has been dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner as this will help prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the dog’s ear canal. Just clean the outer part of the ears.
You need to make your Goldendoodle get used to being examined and brushed when he’s a puppy.
Look inside their mouth and handle their paws frequently. Goldendoodles respond well to praise and rewards. Make grooming a positive experience for them.
This will lay the groundwork for easier examinations at the vet as well as handling him when he becomes an adult.
During grooming, check for inflammation on the skin, in the mouth, eyes, and nose, and on the feet or rashes, sores, or signs of infection such as tenderness, redness.
Your dog’s eyes should be clear with no discharge or redness. A weekly examination was done in a careful manner. This will help you spot the potential health problems that your dog may have or may possibly be developing so as to treat or prevent it at an early stage.
Goldendoodle Exercise and Activity Levels
Goldendoodles are active dogs that need at least one hour of exercise every day. Swimming can be an ideal activity for the Goldendoodle as it inherits its parents breed Golden Retriever’s love of water. They enjoy the outdoor space that they can run around and play in. They need their time to stretch their legs and run around.
The Goldendoodle is a wonderful family pet, especially if most of its traits are inherited from the Golden Retriever parent breed. If so they are likely to be gentle and patient and easy to get along with children of all ages.
Goldendoodles do well in homes that have other pets beside them, they do not actively show aggression towards other animals. Like any other dog, it is important to socialize your dog at an early age.
They are great companion dogs. They love people and they thrive more in a controlled environment hence they would need to live inside the house rather than outside in a kennel.
Like their Poodle parent, Goldendoodles can come in many different colors.