Golden retrievers types, info, facts and more

golden retrievers

Golden retrievers, they are one of the most popular dog breeds today. You have most probably seen them playing in the backyard, but what do you really know about this dog.

About the Golden retriever

Golden retrievers are a medium-sized, sturdy dog with a golden lustrous coat hence the golden name. The name retrievers come from their ability to retrieve shot game undamaged. They have a thick coat that helps them keep warm while outdoors. He is a friendly dog with a fabulous attitude that makes him a good family dog. His intelligence also makes him a very capable working dog. You can also use him as a hunting dog, for tracking and as an assistance a therapy dog.

Retrievers are highly trainable is like to play a lot. They are easily trainable because they are eager to please making them very popular service dogs. The thing is that they don’t have strong guarding instincts. So, in case burglars come around don’t expect him to protect you, he will make friends with them and show them where the treats are. That does not mean that they won’t let you know when strangers are approaching.

golden retrievers

General characteristics

Weight: 50 – 80 pounds (22.68 – 36.29 kg)

Height: 21 – 24 inches (53.34 – 60.96 cm)

COAT AND COLOR: Medium length double coat in light to dark gold

LIFE EXPECTANCY: 10 to 12 years

Energy Level: Average
Longevity Range: 10-13 yrs.
The tendency to Drool: Low

AKC Classification: Sporting
UKC Classification: Gun Dog

Colors: Golden of various shades

Their heads are big and broad. Golden retrievers have a wide tapered muzzle, brown eyes and medium-sized hanging ears. They have long tails that don’t curl. Their coats are dense(can be flat, feathery or wavy) and water repellant. they have a well-balanced body and a deep chest.


The breed was developed in by Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth. Tweedmouth was a waterfowl hunter. Tweedmouth created a line of working retrievers. With more refinement, the Golden Retriever came forth like a hunting dog and a happy aristocrat. He was first seen at a British Show in 1908. Sport hunters appreciated the breed abilities and good looks.

Types of Golden Retrievers

Canadian golden retrievers

It looks a bit different from the other two types. It has a thinner, less feathery and shorter coat than his counterparts. He is taller by as much as two inches compared to the other two types.

British Golden retrievers 

The English variety has a long feathery coat. They are a bit smaller than their Canadian counterparts. English Golden Retrievers have rounder and darker eyes. They have a broader skull than the American variety.

American Golden Retrievers

They are lankier and less muscular than the other varieties. The coats are darker than the British cousins. American Golden retrievers eyes are lighter and triangular/slightly slanted than being round.

Feeding Golden Retrievers 

Feed Goldens using high-quality dog food, that would be most suited for them. Divide the meals into two or three portions a day. Puppies grow fast and should be given a low-calorie diet that will help prevent bone disorders and also prevent them from growing too fast. Remember to provide fresh and clean water.

Get recommendations on how to feed your dog depending on the size, age, activity levels, and other factors. Be sure to check that the dog doesn’t get obese as it can shorten their lifespan.

Caring for the Golden Retrievers 

Golden retrievers are known to shed every year. They shed lightly twice every year and heavily during spring and fall. You will need to get used to a certain amount of hair in your clothes and house.

Their coats thickness needs a lot of grooming and daily brushing is recommended. Daily brushing is required to prevent tangling. A bath once a month would be of great help to the dog. This helps keep them clean and smelling fresh.

The nails need trimming at least once every month to prevent foot problems. In case you are not experienced in trimming the nails get help from a groomer or a vet. Dog toenails have blood vessels and trimming them wrongly could cause a lot of bleeding. Brushing their teeth a couple of times a week is also very important to deal with gum diseases and maintain their hygiene.

Squeaky toys and bones are helpful in satisfying their oral fixation.

Golden retrievers
A golden retriever watching duckling

Quick facts

The first registration by AKC was in 1925.

The first dogs to receive the obedience champion titles were all Golden Retrievers.

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