The Dachshund Dog Breed info and facts

DACHSHUND THE SAUSAGE DOG  

Dachshund is the original name of the dog well-known sausage dog. It was already a popular dog in the middle ages at this time they were crossed with many types of hunt dogs with the intention of creating a dog with great ability to hunt underground.

They were loved for their hunting abilities but were also known for their tracking abilities, thanks to their incredible sense of smell.  

The dachshund

General Characteristics

Weight Range:

Male: 9-32 lbs.
Female: 9-32 lbs.

Height
Standard – 8 to 9 inches; Miniature – 5 to 6 inches

Energy Level: Very energetic
Longevity Range: 12-14 yrs.

Length: Short/Long
Characteristics: Hard coat. Straight. Flat.
Colors: Black, chocolate, wild boar, gray or fawn with tan, brindle

AKC Classification: Hound

Activities
Agility, Field Trails, Obedience, Conformation, Tracking

About the Dachshund

There are three known types of Dachshund depending on their characteristics; 

  1.       Standard Dachshund 
  2.       Miniature Dachshund 
  3.       Rabbit Dachshunds 

There also three types of Dachshund depending on their hair varieties; 

  1.       Short-haired 
  2.       Long-haired 
  3.       Wire-haired 

They are short and elongated dogs hence the name sausage dogs strikes with them really well.

They can be single-colored from red to yellow or bi-colored which includes black with red spots. One interesting fact to know in proportion to their size they are one of the dogs with the biggest teeth.

They are very playful and friendly. Dachs are also very protective of those who they create a strong bond with. They have average intelligence although they are usually very attentive and curious dogs. 

Feeding

Since Dachshunds are small dogs, a small breed dog food or a weight management formula can help him maintain his ideal body condition.   When choosing a food for your Dachshund puppy, remember puppies of all breeds have specific nutritional needs through their first year. A formula with DHA nourishes brain and vision development and antioxidants will support their developing immune system so they grow into healthy adult dogs. 

Caring for their coat  

Short hair: 

     1 weekly brushing, a bath every 1-2 months 

Wire-haired and long-haired: 

    2-3 brushes weekly, bath every 1-2 months

Shedding

Dachshunds are considered moderate shedders, however, longhaired Dachshunds may require more frequent brushing.

Adopting and training a Dachshund

Although they adapt well to life in an apartment, they do need more physical activity to keep them in shape. Three moderate walks a day are enough. They need mental stimulation, intelligence games, tricks and commands help them feel stimulated and loved. 

We can adopt a Dachshund from 2 or 3 months of age, at this time they will have learned the canine language, habits and learn to properly socialize with their litters. The moment we take them home we must continue to promote socialization so that during adulthood they don’t develop furious or aggressive behavior.

The Dachshund can learn commands with no problems so dedicating short sessions of 3 or 4 times a week will be enough to teach them efficiently. Remember to always use positive reinforcement when training them. The most common behavioral problems of Dachshunds are destructiveness and vocalization usually related to loneliness or lack of mental stimulation. 

Health

Because of their very long morphology, the sausage dog is prone to; 

  • Frequent vertebral injuries  
  • Patellar dislocation 
  • Epilepsy 
  • Glaucoma 
  • Hypothyroidism 
  • Progressive retinal atrophy  

It is therefore important to avoid rough handling, agility sports such as climbing and jumping, we must also ensure that they don’t get overweight.

As with other breeds of dogs, it is important to visit the vet regularly and keep up to date with vaccination schedules as well as deworming to prevent and detect any health problems promptly. If well taken care of their life expectancy is 14 to 17 years. 

Quick facts

The Dachshund was developed in Germany more than 300 years ago to hunt badgers

After WW2 the dog name was translated to Badger dog to avoid association with Germany

Dachshund are accomplished hunting dogs despite their lapdog appearance

Dachshunds are always alert and they have a big, deep bark.

There you go WOOFF!!

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